In diabetes the body is unable to control the amount of sugar in the blood due to inadequate insulin. When the blood sugar level becomes too high, the diabetes is caused. Diabetes is a serious problem and could lead to serious complication during pregnancy. When a woman suffers from diabetes during her pregnancy, it is called the gestational diabetes. So if you have diabetes, you should take the steps to have a safe and healthy pregnancy.
Causes and Symptoms of Diabetes
The diabetes is of two types. One is the autoimmune disease in which you have to use insulin on daily basis. The main symptoms of this disease include weight loss, increased thirst and urination, blurred vision, constant hunger, and extreme fatigue.
The other type of diabetes is a very common one and its symptoms include increased thirst and urination, bladder or kidney infections that heal slowly, constant hunger, severe fatigue.
The gestational diabetes usually goes away after the delivery but it has to be controlled during pregnancy in order to avoid any complications. If you don’t treat the diabetes during your pregnancy, there are more chances that your baby would have obesity or diabetes.
Risks of Diabetes during Pregnancy
If you have pre existing diabetes, you have more risks of have a large baby and difficult delivery, induced labor and even caesarean section. You are also at the risk of having miscarriage. Pregnant women with diabetes can also suffer from the eyes and kidney problem. The baby may also have a problem
- With their normal development and can have heart and nervous system abnormalities.
- Of being stillborn or sudden death after birth
- Of heart and breathing
- Of obesity or diabetes later in life
Treatment of Diabetes during Pregnancy
Treatment of diabetes is very necessary whether you are pregnant or trying to conceive. It is very important for the health of both you and your baby. So you should maintain your blood glucose levels with the help doctors to monitor the health of you and your baby. To have a safe and healthy pregnancy, it is important to control the diabetes before a woman conceives the baby.
Developing a healthy meal plan is also very important if you have diabetes. Talk to your doctor or dietitian for this purpose. Blood sugar can be controlled if you maintain proper nutrition. If you are taking any medicines for the diabetes before conceiving, you must tell your doctor about them. Only the safe medicines should be used during pregnancy.
For taking the right advice, you must make your appointment with the specialist. It would be better if you visit perinatologist, diabetologist or endocrinologist because he is the specialist who treats women with high-risk pregnancies, and diabetes. You should also stay physically active and take a higher amount of folic acid in pregnancy. The dose of folic acid should be 5 milligrams in case a mother is diabetic. Diabetes is dangerous for the baby so you should be very careful in treating it.