It is quite normal to have an abdominal pain during pregnancy because the body undergoes changes to accommodate the developing baby. Usually the causes of abdominal pain are harmless but there are some more serious too. An expectant mother should educate herself on all potential causes of abdominal pain so she may recognize symptoms of this problem.
Common Causes of Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy
Abdominal pain in pregnancy is common and does not harm the baby. The main causes include:
Round Ligament Pain
It is a sharp stabbing pain which occurs when you change positions. Sometimes it is achy and sometimes it is dull and like a lingering pain. The two large ligaments running from the uterus to the groin are the main cause of this pain. When the uterus grows, the ligaments get stretched and give the discomfort. It happens in the second trimester but is not harmful. It does not give any bad effect to the pregnancy and many women who experience this pain also have the healthy pregnancy.
Gas and Constipation
In pregnancy there is an increased level of progesterone which causes gas. This hormone also slows down the gastrointestinal tract and the food travel more slowly. So the expectant mother should drink plenty of water and eat fiber rich foods. They should exercise regularly to combat excessive gas.
Braxton Hicks Contractions
These are also known as the practice contractions. They feel like the tightened stomach muscles and you feel your stomach firm or hard. These contractions are different from true contractions and sometimes caused by dehydration. So this problem can be eliminated by drinking plenty of water.
There are many other common abdominal discomforts during pregnancy but they are not threatening. The growing uterus, fibroids, kidney stones, stomach viruses, and food sensitivities could be the cause of abdominal pain.
When The Abdominal Pain Could Be Serious
In very rare case abdominal pain becomes serious. So if you have any of the below given severe symptoms, consult your medical care professional immediately.
It is a very serious problem and occurs in 1 out of 50 pregnancies. It is a type of pregnancy when the egg implants anywhere outside the uterus and usually in the fallopian tube. Unfortunately there is no medical treatment for this problem and when it occurs, it gives intense pain and bleeding.
It is a life-threatening condition and it happens when the placenta separates from the uterus before the delivery. When it happens, there is a constant pain causing the stomach to stay hard for a long time.
Bloody fluid or premature breakage of the water may also happen. Some other symptoms include back pain, tenderness in your abdomen and fluid discharge.
15 to 20 percent of pregnancies result in miscarriage. It is the saddest truth which usually occurs in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy. Symptoms include back pain, contractions, bleeding or tissue or clot passes from the vagina.
When to Call Doctor, Having Abdominal Pain?
You should call your doctor if you have the following symptoms accompany abdominal pain
• Severe pain
• Spotting or bleeding
• Vaginal discharge
• Fever and Chills
• Urination discomfort
• Nausea and vomiting
Experiencing abdominal pains is quite normal during pregnancy. It is because your body is undergone to changes in order to develop baby in the uterus. So in most of the case feeling abdominal pain is not harmful to you but it can also be serious. You should eat healthy pregnancy diet and do regular pregnancy exercises to say fit during your pregnancy.